In today's post, I'm covering the obligatory scenes of the worldview genre. If you're writing a young adult novel or a story in which a character goes through a major life change, then this post is for you!
I’m also going to show you how these six key scenes manifest in three popular movies—The Perks of Being a Wallflower, Juno, and The 40-Year-Old Virgin.
Why movies? Why not books?
Well, the simple answer is that movies require less time investment than books. I’m hoping that if you haven’t seen these movies, you’ll watch them after reading this post to help cement these key scenes in your mind.
But before we get into the conventions of the worldview genre, let’s go over some basics.
Worldview stories focus on a period in the character’s life where he or she is transitioning from one significant state to another.
These stories show how life forces a character to grow and change, and awaken to a new understanding of themselves, or the world around them.
A lot of young adult novels fall into this genre because YA stories are about characters who are about to “come of age,” or transition from youth into adulthood.
But not all worldview stories need to feature a teenage protagonist who’s coming of age. I’m sure we’ve all met a few adults who have some kind of growing up to do, right?
Regardless of the protagonist's age, these stories usually end with the same realization: life’s not going to change, so I better change instead.
And usually, this change is for the better, making the protagonist a stronger, more capable person with a new appreciation for the life ahead of them.
Beyond that, worldview stories can have any tone or style, be set in any place or time, and have various levels of romance, adventure, mystery, or magic.
They can include different subplots as long as the protagonist’s internal change, their transition from one life stage to another, remains the focus of the story.
Life doesn’t always give us what we want, right? We’ve all been kicked in the butt by life at one point or another–death, puberty, divorce, midlife crisis, losing a job, the growing pains of adolescence…
We’ve all experienced some kind of “life problem” that has forced us to stop in our tracks and re-examine who we are and what we value in order to move forward.
Worldview stories give readers a glimpse into how other people deal with and survive these “roadblocks.” They give readers a sense of relief, satisfaction, and maybe even hope that they, too, can survive whatever roadblocks appear in their lives.
The beauty of these stories is that when the protagonist discovers something about themselves, the reader ultimately discovers something about themselves too. Not only does the protagonist grow and change, but the reader might grow and change a little bit, too.
In other words, these stories are universal because life is universal.
And like all genre fiction, you have to deliver the obligatory scenes and conventions readers are expecting in order to give them the emotional experience they’re hoping for.
Conventions are a reasonably well-defined set of roles, settings, events, and values that are specific to a genre. They are things that readers intuitively expect to be present in a work of genre fiction whether they consciously realize it or not.
Obligatory scenes are the key events, decisions, and discoveries that move the protagonist along on his or her journey. These key scenes are what help you evoke emotional reactions in the reader. And, when coupled with your genre’s conventions, will give the reader the experience they’re looking for.
So, what are the conventions of the Worldview genre?
Let’s take a look (warning–spoilers ahead!):
Some kind of opportunity or circumstance that challenges the protagonist’s beliefs and/or their understanding of how the world works. The protagonist usually “accepts” this challenge or opportunity because either they have no choice, or because it holds the promise of some escape from whatever pain they’re harboring inside.
In this scene, the protagonist commits to pursuing their “want,” or the thing they think will make them happy. They are ignorant of what they really need or what will really make them happy and fulfilled. Usually, they are faced with an opportunity to get what they need, but they reject this opportunity to pursue the thing they want.
This is a moment of truth for the protagonist. Whatever strategy they’ve been trying to use, hasn’t been working, so it’s time to try something else. Usually, he or she will see part (or all) of the truth, but they’ll choose to ignore it and will continue to cling onto their outdated worldview.
In this scene, the protagonist usually faces some kind of failure or disappointment that leads to the realization that he or she must change. Their outdated worldview has protected them thus far, but now there’s no going back to the way things used to be. They can no longer avoid change.
This is the core event of the worldview story. After realizing that they must change, the protagonist accepts the truth and sheds their outdated worldview. This acceptance allows the character to change priorities and pursue their “need” instead of their “want.”
Once the protagonist sheds their outdated worldview, they are rewarded with a deeper understanding of life. Usually, these stories don’t end “happily ever after,” but rather with a new beginning or a sense that there’s a lot of life yet to be lived. Now, the protagonist can enter into this next phase of life empowered by the truth instead of hiding from it.
And there you have it -- the six obligatory scenes of the worldview genre!
Some of you might be thinking, "This is so obvious! Tell me something I don't know!" But seriously, you'd be surprised how many first drafts I see that are missing these key moments.
These are the scenes readers love, and if you include them in your story, you’ll give them that emotional experience they're looking for.
Everyone wants to see the scene where the protagonist finally sheds their outdated worldview and embraces the truth. Right?
Can you imagine a young adult or a worldview novel without that kind of character growth or change?
(I bet you can't. Because if you have read a book that was missing that key scene, you probably stopped reading it somewhere in the first 50 pages. Or, you finished it, but felt super dissatisfied!)
So, the moral of the story is -- don't leave these key scenes out!
Find a way to give the reader what they want, in new and unexpected ways, and you'll gain fans for life.
Many great worldview novels stick with readers precisely because they innovate these expectations. Or because they deliver these obligatory scenes in fresh and unexpected ways. You can do this, too!
👉 Let's discuss in the comments: Are you writing a young adult or a worldview novel? How do you come up with innovative ways to deliver the obligatory scenes of the genre?
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